Climate Induced Migration
2021- 2021

Disaster and climate change induced displacement has been identified as one of the greatest challenges for achieving Sustainable Development Goals. In a pessimistic scenario, the World Bank (2018) estimated that 143 million people will be displaced by 2050 in Sub Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America. About nine percent of displacees will be from Bangladesh alone. It is projected that half of the internal displacement in Bangladesh will be triggered by climate change. The UN Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 has highlighted that a large part of such displacement can be reduced through sustainable measures.

The government of Bangladesh recognises that displacement has a grave implication for the rights and entitlements of the individual and communities who experience it. In January 2021, the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) has adopted a comprehensive and rights-based strategy on displacement titled the National Strategy on the Management of Internal Displacement (NSMID). RMMRU played a key role in preparing the strategy document. In order to implement the strategy effectively, an action plan is required. MoDMR has mandated RMMRU to prepare the action plan. In order to pursue the action plan, the MoDMR has formed a five member working group. An international advisory body with UNDRR, PDD IFRC, IOM and experts on migration, climate change and disaster induced displacement will be formed to gain expert knowledge. The necessary and appropriate activities to prepare the action plan will be supported by PROKAS programmes of the British Council under the Climate Induced Migration (CIM) project.