Fairer Labour Migration (FLM)



RMMRU has been working on the project Fairer Labour Migration (FLM) to promote transparent and ethical labour recruitment management. Under the project the Unit has conducted a number of researches and developed various evidence-based knowledge materials on labour migration. Over the years RMMRU has collaborated with government/non-government functionaries like; MoEWOE, a2i, and BCSM

During Phase-I of the project (2017-2019), RMMRU developed a migration mediation model to address migration related disputes for ensuring access to justice at local level; published books on regularising sub-agents and mediation on fraudulence related disputes. RMMRU has also developed a Code of Conduct and an arbitration model for BAIRA to ensure better migration management, and prepared strategic documents in collaboration with BMET, WEWB, and BOESL.

The project implements outreach activities, capacity building, and dissemination of migration information services at grassroots level. The TV programme Obhibashir Adalat is a major advocacy innovation of this project, connecting affected migrants with experts and service providers to ensure access to justice. The project also recognises the best actors of the sector through the event Obhibashon o Shonar Manush Shommilon.

In Phase-II (2020-present), RMMRU started drafting ADR Rules under the Overseas Employment and Migrants Act (OEMA) 2013. It developed a regularisation model for sub-agents and has been advocating for their roles to be included in the OEMA 2013. RMMRU established an online complaint system and a legal cell to handle cases for arbitration and to facilitate access to justice for vulnerable migrants. It also helped migrants receive financial support from WEWB and recover money from middlemen and recruiting agents. A total of BDT 1,28,45,500 has been recovered, of which BDT 82,05,000 was through mediation.

Project Working Location

About 5000 potential and departing migrants received pre-decision and pre-departure training at grassroots level in collaboration with TTC Tangail. Approximately 200,000 migrants were provided with awareness, and were linked to various services at the community level.

During COVID-19 pandemic, the project delivered emergency food services at the airport to nearly 16,000 vulnerable returnee migrants. 48 migrants were provided with temporary shelter, 90 migrants’ returning home was facilitated, and 26 migrants were provided with mental/medical treatment support. The last three services were mostly provided to female returnee migrants. RMMRU prepared a situation analysis report, with suggestions, on the impact of COVID-19 on migrants as well.

As the secretariat of Bangladesh Civil Society for Migrants (BCSM), RMMRU has been leading the advocacy initiatives to protect migrant rights and promote migration governance since 2016. In the context of COVID-19, BCSM observed one minute silence regionally to mourn the death of migrants. It urged the UN Secretary General for taking a stand on arbitrary return of migrants and wrote an open letter to the Hon’ble Prime Minister, Government of Bangladesh, requesting financial support for the distress migrants and members of their families. A key achievement of BCSM was the PM’s allocation BDT 500 crores for assisting those who returned abruptly. It also completed a real time research and published a book The Other Face of Globalisation with the participation of fellow member organisations.

RMMRU is actively working to reintegrate the returnees by developing a business model for income generating activities. It has taken a holistic approach for making reintegration an important pillar of the migration. RMMRU is enthusiastic about the success of this model which can transform some migrants into entrepreneurs.

The FLM project is supported by the PROKAS Programme of the British Council.